Types of Carpet Cleaning Machines

Carpets help to keep our homes and offices more comfortable, but they also endure a lot of torture. That’s why it’s important to ensure your carpet is clean. A well-maintained carpet will serve you for longer. It doesn’t matter whether you hire a carpet cleaning company or choose to invest in a carpet cleaning machine, it always helps to select the right cleaning method based on your type of carpet. Here are some of the different types of carpet cleaning machines.

Types of Carpet Cleaning Machines

Types of Carpet Cleaning Machines

In this article, we’ll consider the different types of carpet cleaning machines in the market. The post gives you a fair idea about the features of different types of cleaning machines and what methods you can use.

Steam Cleaning

Also referred to as the hot water extraction method, steam cleaning involves the use of a specially designed machine that works by applying highly pressurized steam to the carpet fibers to dissolve dirt and grime before extracting is back to a holding tank.

A steam cleaning machine will also use some cleaning agent with the water and is agitated with bushes which are also part of the machine. The cleaning agent and steam penetrate and loosen the dirt while the brushes clean the dirt.

Once the water and dirt are removed, a final rinse is done.

Steam cleaned carpets are normally left to dry for about four hours at room temperature.


Foam encapsulation machines work by applying a chemical foam that forms crystals around particles of dirt. Once the foam dries, it can then be removed easily by a brush or standard vacuum cleaner. This cleaning method has become popular since it doesn’t use a lot of water, which translates to quicker drying times.

There is also less residue after the cleaning process. However, the encapsulation method isn’t quite effective on carpets with a heavy dirt build-up.


Bonneting is most popular in places such as hotels with high traffic that causes the carpet to become very dirty. The process involves using a machine with a heavy pad underneath that’s immersed in chemicals and rubbed on the carpet. The carpet is cleaned as the chemicals loosen the dirt and the pad rubs the carpet. The main drawback of this cleaning method is that it only removes dirt from the carpet’s top surface.

Dry Carpet Cleaning

This cleaning method was popular in the 80s and involves the use of machines that apply a cleaning compound with counter-rotating brushes. The method doesn’t use water and there’s no drying time.


This carpet cleaning method gained popularity in the 70s when encapsulation became popular. It is quite effective at removing dirt but it also has a major disadvantage; the leftover residue leaves a sticky residue behind. The residue takes a long time to dry and the sticky surface is likely to attract dirt once you reuse the carpet.

Bottom Line

Whether you choose to hire a professional or clean the carpet on your own to whiten it, there’s no harm in learning a thing or two about the different types of carpet cleaning machines to protect your carpet. Should you choose to invest in a carpet cleaning machine, do your research and find the one that’s most suitable for your needs so that you can enjoy the benefits of carpet cleaning.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *